Dental Problems and Treatment

Nov 29, 2022

Dental health is a vital part of overall health and well-being. For a lot of people, there are similar dental problems that tend to recur or never seem to go away. If dental concerns are not addressed immediately, they can lead to more serious dental issues. Fortunately, there are dental problems and treatments available to prevent, manage and treat these dental concerns in Westchester County.

Here are five common dental problems and treatments available for each to help maintain dental health and wellness.

#1 – Tooth Decay

Dental plaque causes tooth decay. It is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth. Plaque produces acids that eat away at the enamel, leading to dental cavities. Since this is the most basic dental health issue, it is often the first dental problem people encounter. There are a lot of dental treatments available to address dental cavities.

  • Proper and regular brushing and flossing
  • Fluoride treatment
  • Dental sealants (in pediatric patients)
  • Oral prophylaxis
  • Dental fillings
  • Root canal treatment

#2 – Gum Disease

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is an inflammation of the gums due to dental plaque. If left untreated, it can lead to the destruction of the gum tissue, alveolar bone, and other dental structures. Treatments for gum disease include:

  • Professional dental cleanings
  • Scaling and root planning
  • Antibiotics (topical or systemic)
  • Gum grafting
  • Soft tissue grafts
  • Bone grafting
  • Pocket depth reduction surgery

#3 – Bad Breath

Bad breath, or halitosis, is an embarrassing dental problem that affects the social life of many people. Mouth bacteria, dental plaque, food particles, and dry mouth causes bad breath. Aside from dental causes, bad breath may also be due to certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and sinus infections.

Make sure to consult dental and health professionals to properly diagnose and treat bad breath. Dental treatments for bad breath include:

  • Good oral hygiene
  • Regular dental visits
  • Use of dental floss and a tongue scraper
  • Toothpaste with fluoride
  • Mouthwash containing baking soda (or other natural ingredients)
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Chewing sugar-free gum

#4 – Teeth and Jaw Misalignment

Dental Problems and TreatmentTeeth misalignment or jaw malocclusion can cause dental problems such as overcrowding, gaps, crossbite, and underbite. Treatment for teeth and jaw misalignment depends on the severity of the dental issue. Misaligned teeth and jaws cause dental problems such as dental decay or gum disease.

They can also cause TMJ pain, dental attrition, and dental sensitivity. Patients who experience crooked teeth are also self-conscious and may have social anxiety because of their smiles. Treatments for teeth and jaw misalignment include:

  • Braces
  • Invisalign (clear aligners)
  • Retainers
  • Veneers
  • Crowns
  • Partial dentures

#5 – Tooth Loss

Tooth loss can occur due to dental decay, gum disease, trauma, or dental surgery. Tooth replacement is necessary to restore dental health and the smile. When a lost permanent tooth isn’t replaced, the jawbone can start to shrink, and teeth may move out of alignment. The dental treatments available for tooth replacement include:

  • Dental implants
  • Fixed dental bridges
  • Removable dental bridges
  • Partial dentures
  • Full dentures
  • Implant-supported dentures

Dental Problems and Treatment – What Are They?

Dental Cleaning

Dentists and dental hygienists perform dental cleaning or oral prophylaxis to remove dental plaque and tartar from the teeth. It helps remove the plaque in places our toothbrushes can’t reach. They use dental instruments to scrape off the dental plaque and tartar.


Dental fillings are a restorative procedure for dental cavities. It aims to protect the teeth from dental decay. Dentists use either dental amalgam (silver-colored filling material) or dental composites (tooth-colored filling materials).

Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling and root planning is a dental treatment for gum disease. It helps remove dental plaque, tartar, and bacteria from the teeth and gums. Dental hygienists or dental surgeons perform this using dental tools and instruments.

Root Canal Treatment

A root canal treats dental cavities which have progressed deep into the dental pulp. It involves cleaning and disinfecting the dental pulp, filling the dental root canals, and dental crown placement.

Crowns and Bridges

Dental crowns are dental restorations done to cover dental defects such as dental fractures, dental decay, discoloration, or malformation. They are fabricated in a dental laboratory and placed over the affected tooth. Bridges are dental restorations used to replace a missing tooth, anchoring it to the adjacent teeth.


Dentures are dental restorations used to replace missing teeth. They can be removable or fixed and are made from dental acrylics, metal, or porcelain. Dentures can also be used to replace multiple missing teeth and create a more aesthetically pleasing dental arch.

Braces or Invisalign

Braces and Invisalign are dental treatments used to straighten teeth and treat malocclusion. These treatments can be used to correct dental issues such as dental crowding, dental overlap, dental crossbite, and dental underbite.


Veneers are dental restorations used to improve dental aesthetics. They are thin shells made from dental porcelain and bonded to the front of the teeth. Veneers help change dental shape, size, and color to create a more pleasing dental arch.

Gum Grafting

Gum grafting is a dental treatment that replaces lost gum tissues. It helps protect dental roots from dental decay and treat periodontal diseases. Grafting may also improve dental aesthetics if the gums recede too much or there is an uneven gum line.

Dental Sealants & Fluoride Treatment

Dental sealants are dental restorations that protect dental enamel from dental decay. They are thin plastic coatings placed over the dental grooves and pits. Fluoride treatment, on the other hand, strengthens dental enamel and prevents dental decay. It involves the application of fluoride gel or varnish to dental enamel. These procedures are mostly recommended for pediatric patients.

Get the Best Dental Treatments Available in Croton on Hudson & Westchester County

Dental Problems and TreatmentDr. Scott Schwartz is a trusted provider of dental treatments in Croton on Hudson and the Westchester County area. He is committed to delivering the best dental care in Westchester County and pursuing frequent continuing education to bring the most up-to-date and state-of-the-art treatments to our practice.

At our dental practice, we use the latest dental technologies and tools to diagnose dental problems quickly and accurately. These include the Cerec- Crown in a day, Laser Dentistry, Intraoral Cameras and Phase Contrast Microscope.

We offer all types of general dentistry services, as well as TMJ treatment, cosmetic dentistry treatments, restorative procedures, and Invisalign in Hudson NY. We also provide dental treatments for dental emergencies.

If you are experiencing any dental problems or need dental treatment, contact Dr. Scott Schwartz in Croton on Hudson, NY today and schedule an appointment. We look forward to helping you achieve the dental health you deserve!

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